With Jews dislodged from their social and economic positions, a Jewish proletariat was born.
According to an audit by the Anti-Defamation League, there were 1,986 anti-Semitic incidents in the U. This increase in anti-Semitic rhetoric and attacks on Jewish places of worship, cemeteries and elsewhere exists in other countries, particularly where far-right political forces have had successes. S., to the UK Independence Party in Britain, Le Pen and the National Front in France, Jobbik (Movement for a Better Hungary), Geert Wilders in the Netherlands, and the more recently Alternative for Germany, formerly marginal far-right elements have been on the rise, and even winning.
They moved to less economically developed areas in Eastern Europe, such as Poland.
Jews in Poland were able to maintain their positions as usurers, but only for a time until Polish feudalism also entered a crisis, leading to a flare-up of “the Jewish Problem” in Eastern Europe. By the 19th century, the liberation of peasants created a market for manufactured products. Small Jewish artisan workshops came into competition with industrial production.
Members of the elite accused Jews of absurd crimes, such as using Christian blood in rituals or poisoning wells.
Jews were expelled from England, France and other Western European countries multiple times so that their property could be seized.