Hezekiah also defeated the Philistines, "as far as Gaza and its territory", (2 Kings 18:8) and resumed the Passover pilgrimage and the tradition of inviting the scattered tribes of Israel to take part in a Passover festival.
He sent messengers to Ephraim and Manasseh inviting them to Jerusalem for the celebration of the Passover.
The Rabshakeh addressed the soldiers manning the city wall in Hebrew (Yĕhuwdiyth), asking them to distrust Yahweh and Hezekiah, claiming that Hezekiah's righteous reforms (destroying the idols and High Places) were a sign that the people should not trust their god to be favorably disposed (2 Kings –35).
2 Kings records that Hezekiah went to the Temple and there he prayed to God.
It is interesting to note the version that Sennacherib presents of the matter, as found inscribed on what is known as the Sennacherib Prism preserved in the University of Chicago Oriental Institute.
In part he says: “As to Hezekiah, the Jew, he did not submit to my yoke ... did send me, later, to Nineveh, my lordly city, together with 30 talents of gold, 800 talents of silver, ..." This version inflates the number of silver talents sent from 300 to 800; but in other regards it confirms the biblical record and shows that Sennacherib made no claim that he captured Jerusalem.
Some Talmudists also considered that it might have come about as a way for Hezekiah to purge his sins or due to his arrogance in assuming his righteousness.
Extra-Biblical sources do much more for us than give us a pan-Mid Eastern picture into which we contextualize Hezekiah: there are extra-Biblical sources that specify Hezekiah by name, along with his reign and influence.
(2 Kings -22; 2 Kings -36; 2 Kings -19; 2 Kings ; Isaiah 31:1-3) The Assyrians recorded that Sennacherib lifted his siege of Jerusalem after Hezekiah paid Sennacherib tribute.
Knowing that Jerusalem would eventually be subject to siege, Hezekiah had been preparing for some time by fortifying the walls of the capital, building towers, and constructing a tunnel to bring fresh water to the city from a spring outside its walls."When Sennacherib had come, intent on making war against Jerusalem, Hezekiah consulted with his officers about stopping the flow of the springs outside the city …
for otherwise, they thought, the King of Assyria would come and find water in abundance" (2 Chronicles 32:2–4).
The Bible records that Hezekiah paid him three hundred talents of silver and thirty of gold as tribute, even sending the doors of the Temple to produce the promised amount, but, even after the payment was made, Sennacherib renewed his assault on Jerusalem.
Sennacherib surrounded the city and sent his Rabshakeh to the walls as a messenger.