Such operations have been known to hire young Russian women to act as the voice on the other end of that romantic phone call.
The scammer will have photos showing a young and attractive woman though her profile may say she’s from America or England.
If you are seeing a Russian woman and are keen on meeting her, it is always wiser for you to go visit them instead of inviting them to visit you.
This way you can avoid losing money through a scam and a traditional Russian woman would probably prefer it if the man made the effort to come visit her.
Scammers use services like Western Union because it is all but impossible to track the recipient of the money which can be picked up anywhere in the world.
A scammer could be a man or woman operating solo, posing as an attractive young lady, or part of an organized scamming operation.