Knowing the difference between a within-group result and a between-groups result is basic stuff.That error afflicts massage research in particular for the simple, ironic reason that massage is so much “better than nothing” — patients tend to be satisfied with massage regardless of whether it has a medical effect or “active ingredient.” This makes massage study results seem much more medically impressive than they would be if you subtracted all that satisfaction and other “nonspecific” effects.
Although there is a lot of negativity — also known as realism — in this article, I also medical benefits, even if they are inconsistent and unproven.
I went to a massage therapist, whose treatment actually was the opposite of my experiences with neurologists: It was There’s a detailed description of all updates at the bottom of the article, and it’s nice to be able to see what’s new at a glance in the table of contents.
Any section updated in the last 400 days is marked (hotter colours = fresher updates).
Unfortunately, such massage therapists are quite rare. Most work in spas or resorts and on cruise ships, doing treatments that are infamously fluffy and skin deep, with little therapeutic value other than the comfort of a quiet hour of touching (even though many patients find skin-deep massage to be more annoying than anything else).
Most of these therapists are earnest and view themselves as medical semi-professionals, despite their comparative lack of training.