As part of a 2006 National Geographic Society (the Society) investigation of the document, microscopist Joseph Barabe of Mc Crone Associates in Illinois and a team of researchers analyzed the ink on the tattered gospel to find out if it was real or forged.Some of the chemicals in the ink raised red flags — until Barabe and his colleagues found, at the Louvre Museum, a study of Egyptian documents from the third century A. "What the French study told us is that ink technology was undergoing a transition," Barabe told Live Science.Many claim that these other gospels, a good number of which were written in the second and third centuries, have been deliberately marginalized and should have had a place in the canon of Scripture. According to this view, these works were excluded in part because they did not accord with orthodox views on such wide-ranging subjects as Jesus, church structure and women’s place in the church.
The discovery of gospel accounts other than those found in the New Testament, many of them among the Nag Hammadi documents uncovered in Egypt in the 1940s, sparked a veritable firestorm, and not only in theological circles.
How did the Christian church, apparently drowning in a sea of Gospels, finally end up with only four?
A long-lost gospel that casts Judas as a co-conspirator of Jesus, rather than a betrayer, was ruled most likely authentic in 2006.
Barabe brought together a team of scientists with a variety of specialties, and they ran the Gospel through an intensive analysis of microscopy and spectroscopy.
[See Images of the Ancient ' Gospel' Documents] At first, their findings offered little hope that the Gospel of Judas was real.